The location of the pool pump impeller is shown in this cut-away of a pump. The spinning action of the impeller when driven by the pump motor generates the water pressure in your pool system. Sometimes debris will get into the pump and will crack the impeller. In other cases the threads that hold the impeller to the motor shaft become worn causing the impeller to wobble and rub against the diffuser. This guide explains how to replace a bad pool pump impeller.
Tips & Warnings
Things You'll Need
Step by Step
For a quick introduction, this picture shows the operation of the impeller. Water enters the center of the impeller. As the impeller is spun by the motor, a series of blades, like a fan, pushes the water to the outside edges of the impeller where it exits through slots to be collected by the diffuser. For an expanded explanation of how a pump operates click How A Pool Pump Works.
The first step in preparing to remove your pump's impeller is to turn off all power to the motor. For maximum safety turn off the power at the circuit breaker to the motor - usually located next to the timer box.
Next you will have to relieve the pressure that builds up in the pump during operation. To relieve pressure turn the relief valve on top of the filter counter clockwise. Water will spray out initally as you see the pressure on the pressure gauge go to 0 psi.
To extract the motor pump assembly from the pump housing, first remove the four 9/16" bolts that bind the motor pump assembly to the housing. Keep track of the washers. Note: Some Hayward pumps have six bolts.
Pull the assembly apart from the housing.
After the assembly is out, you should see the diffuser and diffuser gasket on the end of the assembly. If you do not see the diffuser or its gasket, check inside the housing.
If the diffuser came out with the assembly, pull the diffuser off the assembly. It should snap off easily and expose the impeller.
To remove the impeller you will twist the impeller off in a counter clockwise motion. However, the impeller cannot be freed from the motor shaft without first securing the motor shaft.
Move to the other end of the motor shaft in the back of the motor assembly. Take off the two screws that hold the back cover onto the assembly.
You will see the motor wiring and capacitor. To gain access to the end of the motor shaft you will have to remove the capacitor. Capacitors store power. To avoid a possible shock, lay a screwdriver across the two leads to short out the capacitor.
Unscrew the single screw that hold the capacitor in place and push it out of the way. No need to disconnect the capacitor from its leads.
Place a 7/16" wrench on the flat end of the motor shaft to secure the shaft from rotating. Note: Securing the motor shaft on other non-Hayward type pumps varies. Some pumps provide a slot on the end of the shaft to secure with a screwdriver. This slot is often accessable by simply taking off the end cap of the motor.
At the impeller end, twist off the impeller counter clockwise. You may have to use a strap wrench to gently free up the impeller.
With the impeller off you will see the motor shaft seal. One half on the impeller and the other half in the seal plate on the shaft. If you have not replaced the motor shaft seal and the pump is several years old, this may be a good time to replace this seal. For instructions on replacing this seal click How To Replace a Motor Shaft Seal. If you decide not to replace this seal, continue on to the next step.
Grab the seal on the impeller and twist it off. Make a note of how the seal is positioned on the impeller so you know how to place the new seal. It is possible to place this seal upside down. Note: You may have to also have to remove the metal collar if the new shaft seal also has one. Several people have written in saying that the new seal won't fit because they were trying to place the new collar on top of the old one. DO NOT touch the bearing (top) surface of the seal. It can corrode the surface.
Push the the half of the seal that you just removed onto the new impeller. Make sure the new seal on in the same postion noted above. Again DO NOT touch the bearing surface of the seal.
With the wrench securing the back end of the motor shaft, screw the impeller back onto the shaft (clockwise). Hand tight is sufficient.
Replace the capacitor on the backside of the assembly. Make sure the plastic strip is in place between the clip and capacitor so that the capacitor does not short out.
Replace cover and secure with two screws.
Inspect the diffuser gasket for wear. Replace if required. Put a thin coat of lubrication on the gasket.
Snap on the diffuser - no screws are required. Ensure that the part of the diffuser labeled "TOP" is aligned with the "TOP" labeled on the seal plate.
Slip the motor assembly back into the housing.
Replace the four bolts evenly. If bolts were numbered 1 though 4, replace bolts in this sequence - 1, 3, 2, 4 - to ensure that the motor is set properly inside the housing. Loosely tighten bolts in this sequence, then go back and tighten them down again in this sequence. If pump has 6 bolts, replace bolts in this sequence - 1, 3, 5, 2, 4, 6.
Prime pump by removing strainer lid and filling strainer with water. Replace lid.
Reset circuit breakers and start pump.
Close the relief valve on top of the filter, after the air is purged and water starts to spray out of the valve.
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Tips & Warnings
Remember to turn off power to the motor at the circuit breaker prior to working of the motor pump.
Do not touch the white ceramic surfaces of the shaft seals during installation
Short out capacitor before handling to avoid shock.
Inyo Pool Products is not responsible for any injury or damaged equipment
while using our guides. Using our guides is doing so at your own risk.
These guides are suggested use of your pool or spa equipment and may vary
depending on which product you are using.