GOVERNOR - The governor controls the opening and closing of the start switch. When the motor is off, springs on the arm of the governor cause the arm to come in contact with the bottom of the start switch causing the two contact points on the switch to come together and close the start winding circuit. When the motor is turned on, the rotational force of the shaft causes the weights on the ends of the governor to spin out. When that rotational force is greater than the force of the springs, the arm on the governor drops down and the contacts on the switch separate and disconnect the start capacitor circuit. With age, the governor will sometimes stick open so that when the motor shuts off, the start circuit will remain open and the motor will not restart. For instructions on replacing the Governor see our guide on "How To Replace the Governor on an AO Smith Motor"